Relevant figures

Spain has the third largest volume of air traffic in Europe.

Significant magnitudes of Aena airports

Spain’s 46 airports and 2 heliports within the Aena network in 2016 recorded 230.2 million passengers, representing a 11% increase compared to the previous year. Of those passengers, over 161.7 million flew internationally, a historical record, with a 12% increase on 2015. Passengers on domestic flights amounted to over 67.5 million, a 8.8% increase on the previous year.

The volume of aircraft operations was greater than 2 million, a 7.7% increase on 2015 and cargo traffic amounted to over 795,500 tonnes, a 11.2% increase compared to the previous year.

Spain has the third largest volume of air traffic in Europe, after the UK and Germany1. It totals 11% of Europe's passenger traffic and 9% of its aircraft operations2.

The Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport ranks 5th in the EU in terms of passengers, while Barcelona airport ranks 9th in passenger traffic3.

Rank Airport Millions of passengers
1 London-Heathrow 74.9
2 Paris-Charles de Gaulle 65.7
3 Frankfurt 61.0
4 Amsterdam-Schiphol 58.2
5 Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas 46.8
6 Munich 40.9
7 Rome-Fiumicino 40.4
8 London-Gatwick 40.2
9 Barcelona-El Prat 39,6
10 Moscow-Sheremetyevo 31.6
Source: Data provided by the companies

A further five Spanish airports registered traffic of over 9 million passengers in 2015: Palma de Mallorca, with over 23.7 million; Málaga-Costa del Sol, with 14.4 million; Gran Canaria and Alicante-Elche, both with over 10.5 million each and Tenerife Sur with over 9 million.


70.2% of commercial traffic in all airports in the Aena network is international, and the remaining 29.8% is national. The main source countries of air travel passengers to Spain are the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Nordic countries, Italy, Portugal, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, the United States, Ireland and Russia4.

Share of the major air hubs

Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas and Barcelona-El Prat airports make up 41.1% of passengers, 33.5% of operations and 68.9% of cargo. Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas contributes 21.9% of total passengers, 18.5% of the aircraft and 52.3% of the cargo, while Barcelona-El-Prat has a market share of 19.2% of passengers, 15% of operations and 16.7% of cargo.

1 Source: Eurostat.
2 Source: 2015 ACI Europe.
3 Source: 2015 ACI Europe.
4 Source: Instituto de Estudios Turísticos (Institute of Tourism Studies).