See a brief history of the company from its foundation in 1991 until today.
Aena was set up coinciding with the process of deregulating and granting access to the air transport market which took place in the late eighties in the field of international European air transport. The aim was to provide Spanish airports with an organisational model that would enable faster and more flexible operations than those provided by the civil service framework, which held airport management back then.
Aena came into being through article 82 of Law 4 on General State Budgets in 1990, becoming effectively established on 19 June 1991.
Since its beginnings Aena has had its own legal status and full public and private management capacity. This symbiosis results in Aena being governed by public law in its public functions, and also by private law in all matters relating to its assets and recruitment relations.
The operational guidelines of this new entity were set by the Spanish Government through the former Ministry of Transport, Tourism and Communications - today the Ministry of Public Works - entrusting management competencies over Spanish airports, facilities and navigational aid and air traffic control networks.
Aena started providing its services on 2 November 1991, performing functions related to the management of Spanish airports, and on 2 November 1992 Aena began its air navigation activities. Aena has since carried out a full and comprehensive modernisation of the facilities of Spanish airports and air navigation, thereby positioning our airports at the forefront of our neighbouring countries and leading the management systems in the area of international air navigation control.
Aena was responsible for the Spanish airport network changing the ground handling services framework by incorporating various service operators at the airports with the highest air traffic density. This has led to an improvement in the quality of airlines and an overall cost reduction.
The adaptation of airport facilities to the Schengen Agreement meant a total refurbishment of the existing infrastructures. These were supplemented with major infrastructure works aimed at preparing for events happening in 1992 - the Barcelona Olympic Games and the Seville Universal Exposition - as well as the construction of the new terminals in the Málaga and Jerez airports.
Throughout the nineties, Aena experienced a profound change in its management structures. It adapted to a new business model while also launching new operational management systems based on the implementation of new technologies for the exploitation of airport resources, public information systems, aeronautical and commercial revenues management systems, etc.
It is also worth mentioning the construction and opening of new shopping centres that brought to light the new approach to airport management culture, in line with new European trends.
After improvements in 1992, Aena undertook a major refurbishment of Palma de Majorca and Madrid-Barajas airports. These were followed by almost all the airports in the network, which had grown with the inauguration of two new airports in La Gomera and in León.
The beginning of the new century marked Aena's management taking charge of three new airports in Colombia and twelve in Mexico, which became a great platform for Aena International.
The completion in recent years of the Plan Barajas, Plan Barcelona and Plan Málaga projects has led to the improvement and expansion of the three major airports in the peninsular area. This has been complemented by the opening to air traffic of the new Logroño, Albacete, Burgos, Huesca-Pirineos airports, and the Ceuta and Algeciras heliports. These now constitute the most important airport network at an international level.
Aena and Enaire
As agreed by the Council of Ministers on 25 February 2011, the Aena Aeropuertos state-owned corporation was created, as a result of Royal Decree-Law 13, of 3 December 2010, on fiscal, labour and deregulation measures to encourage investment and job creation, which included in its legislative text the modernisation of the airport system by implementing a new management model.
Ministerial Order of 7 June 2011 approved the setting up of Aena Aeropuertos S.A. The latter was commissioned to perform functions and duties previously exercised by the public business entity AENA for the management and operation of airport services.
Following its internationalization policy, in 2013 Aena acquired 66% of the share capital in Aerocali, Colombia's third airport in passenger numbers with over 4 million - Aena previously had 33% of share capital. It also acquired the concessionaire of London Luton Airport - fifth British airport with 9.6 million passengers -, with a 51% stake by Aena and 49% by AXA Private Equity investment company.
Through Royal Decree-Law 8, of 4 July 2014, state-owned corporation Aena Aeropuertos S.A. has become Aena, S.A.
At the same time, and through the same piece of legislation, public business entity Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea, Aena, has become Enaire.
Enaire retains the same legal nature and status of public business entity Aena, exclusively executing responsibilities related to airport and air navigation activities, in addition to performing the national and international operational coordination of the Spanish air traffic control network.