Control of aircraft and vehicle movements in any type of visibility.
The VICTOR programme (Integrated Visualisation of the Control Tower) is a computer system designed to be installed in airport control towers. This programme is the result of the efforts of SACTA to modernise the radar data display systems in the most important airport towers.
Likewise, in terms of the implementation of the gate to gate concept, VICTOR represents the most ambitious example.
The basic objective of the VICTOR system is to provide the controller with the necessary tools to guarantee the safe and effective movement of aircraft and vehicles in the airport environment, under any type of visibility conditions. To carry out this mission, it receives information from the following sources:
- Approach and airport ground radars.
- Television cameras.
- Flight plans.
- Weather and aeronautical information.
- Parking assignments.
- ATIS Messages.
- Status of the essential radio aids at the airport.
The main benefit of applying the VICTOR system is faster aircraft guidance and control on the airport apron, as well as greater operational dynamism.
At the same time, in order to meet the operational requirements developed by the ICAO for this type of system, the functions that it carries out are:
- Surveillance data processing.
- Fusion of data from approach and airport ground radars.
- Automatic aircraft identification, both on approach and on the ground, on the radar screen.
- Manual identification mechanism for takeoff.
Flight plan processing in the tower:
- Local processing of the tower flight plan.
- New statuses for the flight plan related to certain SACTA statuses.
- Electronic file entry.
- Silent transfer between different tower posts and between these and the control centre.
- Autonomous working mode when the control centre link is lost.
Auxiliary information processing:
- ATIS and AIS.
- Warnings from the essential navigation radio aids monitoring system.
Data-link message processing:
- Treatment of pre-flight clearances.
- Provides each controller position with the information required to carry out specifically assigned tasks (local, taxiing or clearances).
- Takeoff sequencers.
- Taxi route assignment.
- Intrusion alert on unauthorised restricted and crossing runways.
- New A-SMGCS sensors (multilateration, primary radar, etc.).
At present the process for adapting all the towers to the new system with regards to equipment is finishing, and the current operating system is being maintained on paper files. Different functionality levels are available depending on the needs of the towers:
- Towers with secondary and ground radar displays, TV camera information and integration of basic flight plan functions and MET/AIS information display integrated in the position. This is the most functional case that is in service in the Madrid Barajas tower.
- Towers with secondary radar displays, TV camera information and integration of basic flight plan functions and MET/AIS information display integrated in the position. Other towers in this group include the ones in Barcelona-El Prat, Palma de Mallorca and Malaga-Costa del Sol.
- Towers with secondary radar displays and integration of basic flight plan functions and MET/AIS information display integrated in the position. This group includes the towers in Fuerteventura, Valencia and Menorca.
- Towers with integration of basic flight plan functions and MET/AIS information display integrated in the position. The remaining towers fall into this category, including the ones at Gerona-Costa Brava, Vitoria and El Hierro.
Evaluation of the new operative without paper files
In June 2004 the first simulation-evaluation was performed with VICTOR V1 for a scenario based in the Madrid-Barajas Airport. Based on the conclusions of this simulation, changes were made which were evaluated in June-July 2005.
The process has now begun for paper-free operations to begin in TWR/APP LEMG during 2012.
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